In the 1990s, Zimbabwe was considered one of the economically strongest countries in Africa. As part of a land reform in 2000, farmland was expropriated from peasant farms and redistributed. The result was a collapse of the economy. As a result, and due to an increase in weather extremes such as droughts, unemployment and food insecurity are now widespread in the country in South Africa. Zimbabwe is home to nearly 16 million people, according to the 2021/2022 Human Development Report.