After the Hutu genocide of the Tutsi in 1994, the human rights situation in Rwanda has improved for its more than 13 million inhabitants, according to the Human Development Report 2021/2022. However, restrictions on freedom of expression, media freedom and freedom of association remain problematic. Poverty is also widespread. Droughts, floods and landslides repeatedly cause famine in large parts of the country. There is also a lack of clean drinking water and basic sanitation.